[1]纪珽 梁琳.代际职业流动及其影响因素的性别差异[J].南开经济研究官网,2020,(02):25.
 Ji Ting and Liang Lin.Gender differences in the patterns and influencing factors of Intergenerational Occupational Mobility[J].Nankai Economic Studies,2020,(02):25.
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代际职业流动及其影响因素的性别差异(  )
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《南开经济研究》官网[ISSN:1001-4691/CN:12-1028/F]

卷:
期数:
2020年02
页码:
25
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-04-22

文章信息/Info

Title:
Gender differences in the patterns and influencing factors of Intergenerational Occupational Mobility
作者:
纪珽 梁琳
纪珽,中央财经大学国际经济与贸易学院;梁琳,中国人民大学经济学院
Author(s):
Ji Ting1 and Liang Lin2
1. School of International Trade and Economics,Central University of Finance and Economics,Beijing 100081,China;2. College of Economics,Renmin University of China,Beijing 100872,China
关键词:
代际职业流动职业继承性别差异
Keywords:
Intergenerational occupational mobility Occupation inheritance Gender differences
摘要:
本文运用指标法和回归法,对我国代际职业流动与继承状况的模式、影响因素和声望获得的性别差异进行实证研究,并且得出以下主要结论:(1)虽然总体上我国的代际职业继承性较强,但是两性代际职业流动模式存在差异,男性的平均继承性更高,女性的平均流动性更高,而且这种现象在各影响因素分层中普遍存在;(2)父亲位于低职业地位时,男性比女性更易摆脱其低阶层的家庭背景;(3)城镇家庭背景、沿海地区、受教育程度的提高、非农业户口性质、年龄段的增加和已婚状况相对而言均对子代代际流动和向上流动具有正的整体作用;(4)女性可以从上述前四种因素中获得比男性更大的有效作用,实现更大程度的代际流动和向上流动,但是年龄段和婚姻状况会抑制女性代际流动,并且结婚对女性向上流动有明显的反作用;(5)平均而言,女性能比男性取得更高的社会经济地位。本文结论有助于理解在中国特定国情下,性别因素在代际间职业流动中的特定作用。
Abstract:
This paper analyzes gender differences in the patterns and influencing factors of intergenerational occupational mobility in Chinese families. Based on a comprehensive study, we conclude that: (1) Intergenerational occupational inheritance is wide spread in China and there exist significant gender differences. Most notably, the inheritance rate is higher for males while the mobility rate is higher for females, which is a consistent phenomenon in multiple subgroups classified by various influencing factors; (2) With father being in a low occupational status, males are more likely to escape such low status than females; (3) Urban family background, coastal areas, education promotion, non-agricultural “hukou”, an increase in age or married status is associated with an increase in intergenerational mobility and upward mobility; (4) These effects are greater for females than males, except that the effect of age or marriage is opposite; (5) On average, females achieve higher socioeconomic status than males. Our paper provides a comprehensive investigation of the role of gender in the intergenerational career mobility of China.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-11