[1]张世伟,林书宇.劳动合同、技能水平与中国流动人口工资差距[J].南开经济研究官网,2021,(02):9.
 Zhang Shiwei and Lin Shuyu.Labor Contract, Skill Level and Wage Gap for Chinese Migrant Population[J].Nankai Economic Studies,2021,(02):9.
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劳动合同、技能水平与中国流动人口工资差距(  )
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《南开经济研究》官网[ISSN:1001-4691/CN:12-1028/F]

卷:
期数:
2021年02
页码:
9
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-04-22

文章信息/Info

Title:
Labor Contract, Skill Level and Wage Gap for Chinese Migrant Population
作者:
张世伟 林书宇
张世伟,吉林大学数量经济研究中心,吉林大学商学院(邮编:130012),E-mail:zhangsw@jlu.edu.cn;林书宇(通讯作者),吉林大学商学院(邮编:130012),E-mail:linsy18@mails.jlu.edu.cn
Author(s):
Zhang Shiwei12 and Lin Shuyu2
(1. Center for Quantitative Economics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China; 2. Business School, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
关键词:
劳动合同低技能人力资本工资差距
Keywords:
Labor Contract Low-Skilled Human Capital Wage Gap
摘要:
流动人口的收入和社会保障是当前中国面临的重要现实问题。本文使用2011年和2017年中国流动人口动态监测调查数据,应用倾向得分匹配法和允许多层效应共存的异质性处理效应模型,全面评估了劳动合同对流动人口工资收入的影响,并探究对不同技能水平劳动力影响的异同。研究结果显示,劳动合同对流动人口工资收入有显著的正向影响;随着时间的推移,劳动合同的工资效应也在不断扩大。进一步分析发现,在劳动关系中,高技能劳动力是同雇主订立书面劳动合同的主要对象,劳动合同的工资效应随着劳动力技能水平的提升呈现出增长的趋势。劳动合同成为雇主筛选员工的筹码,导致城市外来低技能劳动力,特别是农民工群体的权益受到损害,不利于其市民化融入。因此,政府应推进劳动合同法的全面执行,增强监管和惩罚力度,使所有劳动者都能劳有所得,恢复劳动合同法保护弱势群体合法权益的初衷。
Abstract:
The income and social security of migrant population is an important practical problem in China. Based on the China Migrants Dynamic Survey from National Health Commission in 2011 and 2017, this study comprehensively evaluates the influence of labor contract on the wage income of the migrant population and explores the similarities and differences of the wage effect of labor contract on labor force of different skill levels by using the propensity score matching method and the heterogeneous treatment effect model that allows multi-layer effects to coexist. The results show that the labor contract has a significant positive impact on the wage of migrant population. With the passage of time, the wage effect of contract is also expanding. Further analysis shows that in labor relations, highly skilled workers are the main group that conclude written labor contracts with employers, and the wage effect of labor contracts also presents an increasing trend with the improvement of labor skills. The labor contract becomes the bargaining chip for employers to screen employees, which damages the rights and interests of low-skilled labor force especially migrant workers, and is not conducive to their citizenization and integration. Therefore, the government should promote the comprehensive implementation of Labor Contract Law, strengthen supervision and punishment, so that all workers can get something from their work, and restore the original intention of labor contract law to protect the legitimate rights and interests of vulnerable groups.
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-04-19