[1]李军林,许艺煊.中国居民收入分配格局的演变与原因——基于马克思主义政治经济学的考察[J].南开经济研究官网,2021,(01):36.
 Li Junlin and Xu Yixuan.The Evolution and Causes of China’s Residents’ Income Distribution: A Study Based on Marxist Political Economy[J].Nankai Economic Studies,2021,(01):36.
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中国居民收入分配格局的演变与原因——基于马克思主义政治经济学的考察(  )
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《南开经济研究》官网[ISSN:1001-4691/CN:12-1028/F]

卷:
期数:
2021年01
页码:
36
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-02-22

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Evolution and Causes of China’s Residents’ Income Distribution: A Study Based on Marxist Political Economy
作者:
李军林许艺煊
李军林,中国人民大学经济学院(邮编:100872),E-mail:junlin.lee@ruc.edu.cn;许艺煊,中国人民大学经济学院(邮编:100872),E-mail:yixuan8885@126.com。
Author(s):
Li Junlin and Xu Yixuan
(School of Economics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
关键词:
居民收入分配格局收入差距马克思主义政治经济学生产资料所有制
Keywords:
Residents’ Income Distribution Pattern Income Gap Marxist Political Economy Ownership of Means of Production
摘要:
改革开放四十余年来,我国经济发展取得了巨大成就,人民收入水平明显提高,收入分配格局也发生了较大变化。本文立足于改革开放以来我国居民收入分配格局演变的基本事实,运用马克思主义政治经济学的分析方法,在已有相关研究成果的基础上,主要依据劳动价值论和剩余价值论,研究和探讨了我国居民收入差距及其变化是否正义以及收入差距拉大的根源和主要原因是什么等问题。本文强调决定分配的是生产而非正义;多种所有制并存是我国居民收入差距拉大的根源;在多种所有制并存的基础上,“资强劳弱”的劳资不同地位和多种分配方式并存的潜在冲突使得劳动收入份额下降,拉大了居民收入差距;资本积累蕴含技术进步又扩大了我国技能工资差距。坚守公有制主体地位,提高劳动收入份额,注意再分配,防止财富集聚与阶层固化,是持续增加我国居民收入,逐步实现共同富裕的必要举措。
Abstract:
Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China has made great achievements in economic development. P eople’s income has increased significantly, and the pattern of income distribution has changed greatly. Based on the evolution of China’s Residents’ Income Distribution since the reform and opening up, this paper uses the analysis methods of Marxist political economy, and on the basis of previous research results, mainly according to Marxist labor theory of value and theory of surplus value, analyzes whether China’s income gap and its changes are justified or not, the root and main reasons for the widening income gap, and how to narrow the excessive income gap. This paper emphasizes that it is production rather than justice that determines distribution; the coexistence of multiple ownership systems is the root cause of the widening income gap among Chinese residents; on the basis of ownership, the status of "strong capital and weak labor" and potential conflict of coexistence of multiple distribution methods make the decline in labor income share, widen ing the income gap among residents; capital accumulation implies technological progress which has widened the skill wage gap in China . Adhering to the dominant position of public ownership, increasing the share of labor income, and redistributing to prevent wealth agglomeration and class consolidation are necessary measures to continuously increase the income of Chinese residents and gradually realize common prosperity.

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[2]占 华.收入差距扩大是否加剧了中国的环境污染? ——基于省际碳排放的证据[J].南开经济研究官网,2016,(06):126.
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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-01-18